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Snowflake Pea Info: Learn About Growing Snowflake Peas

Snowflake Pea Info: Learn About Growing Snowflake Peas


By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer

What are Snowflake peas? A type of snow pea with crisp, smooth,succulent pods, Snowflake peas are eaten whole, either raw or cooked. Snowflakepea plants are upright and bushy, reaching a mature height of about 22 inches(56 cm.). If you’re looking for a sweet, succulent pea, Snowflake may be theanswer. Read on for more Snowflake pea information and learn about growingSnowflake peas in your garden.

Growing Snowflake Peas

Plant Snowflake peas as soon as the soil can be worked inspring and all danger of hard freeze has passed. Peas are cool weather plantsthat will tolerate light frost; however, they don’t perform well whentemperatures exceed 75 F. (24 C.).

Snowflake peas prefer full sunlight and fertile, well-drained soil. Dig in agenerous amount of compost or well-rotted manure a few days prior to planting.You can also work in a small amount of general purpose fertilizer.

Allow 3 to 5 inches (8-12 cm.) between each seed. Cover theseeds with about 1 ½ inches (4 cm.) of soil.Rows should be 2 to 3 feet (60-90 cm.) apart. Your Snowflake peas shouldgerminate in about a week.

Snowflake Snow Pea Care

Water Snowflake pea plants as needed to keep the soil moistbut never soggy, as peas need consistent moisture. Increase watering slightlywhen the peas begin to bloom. Water early in the day or use a soaker hose or drip irrigation system so thepeas can dry before dusk.

Apply 2 inches (5 cm.) of straw, dried grass clippings, dryleaves or other organic mulch when the plants are about 6 inches (15 cm.) tall.Mulch suppresses growth of weeds and helps keep the soil evenly moist.

A trellis isn’t absolutelynecessary for Snowflake pea plants, but it will provide support, especially ifyou live in a windy climate. A trellis also makes the peas easier to pick.

Snowflake pea plants don’t require a lot of fertilizer, butyou can apply a small amount of general-purpose fertilizer once every monththroughout the growing season. Remove weeds as soon as they appear, as theywill rob moisture and nutrients from the plants. However, be careful not todisturb the roots.

Snowflake pea plants are ready to harvest about 72 days afterplanting. Pick peas every few days, beginning when the pods begin to fill out.Don’t wait until the pods get too fat. If the peas grow too large for eatingwhole, you can remove the shells and eat them like regular garden peas.

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Apa itu Snowflake Peas – Petua Mengenai Snowflake Snow Pea Care

Apa itu kacang salji? Sejenis kacang salji dengan polong renyah, halus, lezat, kacang salji dimakan utuh, sama ada mentah atau dimasak. Tumbuhan snowflakepea tegak dan lebat, mencapai ketinggian matang sekitar 22 inci (56 cm.). Sekiranya anda mencari kacang manis, lezat, Snowflake mungkin menjadi jawapannya. Baca lebih lanjut untuk maklumat kacang Snowflake dan ketahui tentang menanam kacang polong Snowflake di kebun anda.


Prepare Your Container

Cut a piece of plastic screening that's large enough to cover the hole in the bottom of the container you've chosen. If you don't have screening, you can also use a coffee filter or a piece of paper towel to cover the drainage hole.

Gardening Tip

If your container is very large, you can fill the bottom one-third with clean plastic containers, soda bottles, or anything that will take up some space but won't impede water flow. This can save you money on ​potting soil and make your container lighter should you have to carry it around. If you do fill the bottom, separate your soil from your filler material by cutting plastic screening and putting it over the filler before adding potting soil (this makes clean-up at the end of the season much easier). Don't put gravel in the bottom of your pot this oft-advised method really doesn't work.

Fill Your Container With Potting Mix

Pour potting mix into your container, making sure to leave at least three inches to the rim. If your potting soil doesn’t have fertilizer already including in its mixture, add in a general, all-purpose formula. Keep in mind, peas don't need much fertilizer—if you use too much, the nitrogen (a common ingredient in most fertilizers) will harm production and the plants will produce large pods with small or no peas inside them. After filling your container, smooth out the soil so it is relatively flat, but not compacted.

Plant Your Pea Seeds

Though it's not mandatory, treating your pea seeds with a legume inoculant will help give you a bigger pea yield and healthier plants. For faster germination, you can soak your peas in water overnight—then, while they're still wet, shake them in a bag with the inoculant.

Sprinkle your pea seeds generously and evenly onto the surface of the soil. With the flat part of your hand, press them onto the surface of the soil, then add an additional one to two inches of soil on top of the seeds (make sure not to add more than that, or the peas might have trouble germinating). Water your container deeply with a watering can or a hose nozzle set to a gentle spray.

Set Up a Trellis

Most peas varietals are climbing plants, so you will need some type of trellis or support system to help stabilize your plant. Bamboo stakes tied together with twine in a triangle shape works well, or you can place your container near a deck or railing that can serve as a "trellis" for the plants. Peas do not naturally cling very well with their tendrils, so you may have to help them get started by using wire ties to secure the stems to the structure.

Care for the Peas

As your pea seeds germinate, sprout, and begin to grow, keep the soil moist but not wet, and make sure that your containers are getting at least six hours of full sunlight a day. Peas are fairly easy plants, so this is just about the only care required. Since you fertilized the potting soil before planting the seeds, no additional feeding is necessary—peas are legumes that naturally "fix" nitrogen into the soil by absorbing it from the air.

Harvest your pea pods as they ripen. When it comes to sugar snap peas, harvest them when the pods are still young to get the sweetest and most tender picks. When harvesting English peas that will be shelled, wait until the pods swell, letting you know that the peas inside are big and juicy. For snow peas, pick them from the plant before the peas get too large and tough.


Health Benefits of Peas

Peas are part of the legume family. Grown in pods, peas are packed with nutrition. There are basically three types: garden peas, snow peas, and snap peas.

The first variety are green (garden) peas or Pisum sativum, whose pods are more fibrous and often not eaten. Their pods are round and plump in shape as are the peas inside them.

The second variety is the snow pea, whose pod is flattish, thin and tender when steamed or boiled. One can observe the shape and size of the pea through the opaque pod. Generally speaking, the smaller the snow pea the sweeter and juicer it is.

The third are snap peas, a cross between garden and snow peas. Their pods are very edible. Both snap and the snow peas are sweeter tasting than garden peas.

Peas are an ancient vegetable. They were popular in Egyptian and Greco-Romans times and are mentioned in the Bible. But they were eaten dried. During the 16th century, Europeans began boiling peas. The Chinese are credited with first stir frying and eating the snow pea in its pod.

Growing Peas

To grow peas in your garden, you need cool soil. They are frost resistant and hardy, but do not like long periods of hot weather. Depending on the type you plant, the maturation is anywhere from 54 to 80 days.

Garden or Green Peas come in four popular varieties:

  • Day Break and Spring peas are mature in 54 days and grow around 22-24 inches tall.
  • Sparkle peas mature in 60 days and grow up to 18 inches in height. They are good for freezing.
  • Little Marvel grow in 63 days and up to 18 inches tall.
  • Green Arrow is ready to pick in 68 days and grows up to 28 inches tall. Their pods grow in pairs and they have been bred to be resistant to fusarium and powdery mildew.
  • Wando takes up to 70 days to mature and grows 24-30 inches tall. It is a good choice for more Southern gardens because it better withstands heat. They are planted in late spring.

Sugar Peas come in three main varieties:

  • Snowbird grow in double or triple pods in clusters. They mature in 58 days and grow 18 inches tall.
  • Dwarf Gray Sugar like it name indicates is not as green. It takes 65 days, growing 24 to 30 inches.
  • Snowflake are the slow pokes. They take up to72 days to mature and grow to 22 inches . But they are high yield producers.

Plant peas in soil at least 45 degrees Fahrenheit and that is dry enough to till without sticking to the tools. More heat resistant varieties may be planted in late summer in colder climates. However, you risk them not maturing before the first good freeze because they grow slower than if planted in the early spring.

Peas are planted in rows about 1/2 inch deep and 18 to 24 inches apart. Be sure to hoe lightly and on the surface only around the plants and if the summer is particularly warm, mulch around the plants to help retain coolness and moisture.

Nutritional Content and Health Benefits of Peas

Peas are packed with 8 vitamins, 7 minerals , protein and fiber. They are an excellent source of Vitamin K, which activates the osteocalcin in our bodies, thus anchoring the calcium we digest to our bones. They are also a good source of folic acid and Vitamin B6, important for combating osteoporosis and atherosclerosis by reducing the buildup of homocysteine molecules.

Peas are a good source of other B Vitamins as well, such as thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), and niacin (vitamin B3). These help regulate lipid, carbohydrate and protein levels.

Peas contain a fair amount of Vitamin C, which is our body’s main antioxidant protection against viruses and diseases, and perhaps even some cancers.

The smoother the skin of the pod, the more starch it has.

How to Prepare Peas

Garden peas may be harvested and removed from the pod, then boiled or dried. Snap peas can be eaten in the pod after boiling. Snow peas are eaten in their entirety, pod and seed, by either stir frying them, or steaming them. Some, if picked slightly immature, are tender enough to be eaten raw in salads.

To store peas, refrigerate them as soon as possible after picking to prevent their sugars from turning into starch. Unwashed, unhulled peas can store in the fridge for several days. To freeze, blanch the pods first, then let cool.

Want to learn more about the health benefits of peas?

Check out these helpful resources:
Growing Peas in the Garden from University of Illinois Extension
Pea Nutrition from the CDC
Green peas at the World’s Healthiest Foods.

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Comments

lynne davies says

you did how ever forget to mention, that if you are on certain medication peas like a lot of green veg can kill you. i was told by dr as on blood thinners and iron tablets NOT to eat green veg more than once a week


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