Classification of strawberry varieties by maturity
Favorite berry of Russians. Part 2
Read the previous part of the article: Strawberry varieties in the North-West of Russia
Early ripening strawberry varieties
Beauty - large-fruited (up to 35 g), early-fruiting (begins to bear fruit in new plants), fruitful, winter-hardy, resistant to verticillium, with berries of high taste and commercial qualities for dessert purposes.
The bush is tall, compact, densely leafy with long, thick peduncles located above the level of the leaves.
Berries are blunt-conical, without a neck, bright red, shiny; red juicy pulp, excellent sweet and sour taste with aroma.
Sudarushka - a high-yielding, large-fruited (up to 28-32 g), winter-hardy variety, resistant to verticillosis, with berries one-dimensional in all harvests, good taste and marketability, universal purpose with a high coefficient of vegetative reproduction.
The bush is powerful, semi-spreading, well leafy with large leaves. Peduncles of medium length and thickness, located at leaf level and below.
Berries are oval-conical, red, shiny with light red, dense, juicy flesh of good sweet and sour taste, with aroma, ripen somewhat later Krasavitsa variety.
Junia Smides - a fruitful, winter-hardy, large-fruited (up to 28-30 g) variety, resistant to fungal diseases with berries of good taste and marketability.
The bush is powerful, semi-spreading, well leafy. Peduncles of medium length, located at the level of the leaves.
The berries are red, shiny, blunt-conical, with a short neck. The pulp is red, juicy, tender, sweet and sour taste with aroma. The appointment is universal. By the end of the harvest, the berries become smaller.
Strawberry varieties, medium ripening
Marvelous - large-fruited (up to 35-38 g), high-yielding variety, resistant to verticillosis and other fungal diseases with berries of high taste and marketability. The bush is tall, compact with very large leaves on a long thick petiole. Peduncles are thick, strong, located at the level of the leaves. The berries are large, regular round-conical shape with a smooth surface, light red, shiny. The pulp is light orange, dense, juicy, excellent sweet and sour taste with aroma. The berries remain large in all harvests. The purpose of the variety is universal.
Favorite - a highly winter-resistant, high-yielding, large-fruited (up to 32 g) variety, resistant to verticillosis and other fungal diseases, with berries of good taste and marketability. The bush is powerful, erect, densely leafy. Peduncles of medium length and thickness, located at the level of the leaves. The berries are elongated-oval, large, bright red with strongly depressed achenes, without a neck. The pulp is pink, juicy, dense, sweet and sour taste, somewhat inferior to the Onega variety. The appointment is universal.
Onega - a highly winter-resistant, large-fruited (up to 30 g) variety, high-yielding, resistant to fungal diseases, with berries of good taste and marketability. The bush is vigorous, erect, densely leafy. The breeding rate is high. The berries are elongated-oval with a small neck, bright red, shiny. The pulp is pink, tender, fibrous, sweet and sour taste. The appointment is universal.
Original - large-fruited (up to 33 g), high-yielding, winter-hardy variety, resistant to verticillosis, but susceptible to gray berry rot (requires sparse planting), with fruits of good taste. The bush is compact, medium-sized, densely leafy. Peduncles of medium length and thickness. Berries are elongated-oval with a neck, red, shiny. The pulp is light red, good sweet and sour taste with aroma. The first berries are very large, by the end of the collection they become somewhat smaller. The appointment is universal.
Mid-late ripening strawberry varieties
Tsarskoye Selo - high-yielding, winter-hardy, large-fruited (up to ЗЗ g) variety, resistant to verticillary wilt, with berries of excellent taste and commercial quality, universal purpose. The bush is medium-sized, spreading, densely leafy. Peduncles of medium length and thickness, located below the level of the leaves. The coefficient of vegetative reproduction is high. The berries are large, of the correct rounded-conical shape with a slightly bumpy surface and a small neck. The color of the berries is dark red, almost cherry, with shine. The pulp is evenly colored, bright red, dense, juicy, excellent sweet and sour taste with aroma.
Gourmet - large-fruited (up to 34 g), productive, winter-hardy variety, resistant to verticillium wilt and other fungal diseases, with berries of excellent taste and marketability. A variety of universal use. The bush is powerful, compact, densely leafy. The berries are large, round-conical, intense red with a small neck, shiny. The pulp is evenly colored, red, dense, juicy, excellent sweet and sour taste with aroma.
Variety Surprise Olympics
Late ripening strawberry varieties
Surprise Olympics - large-fruited (up to ЗЗ g), productive, winter-hardy variety, resistant to fungal diseases, with berries of good sweet and sour taste with a strong nutmeg aroma, universal purpose. The bush is medium-sized, semi-spreading, densely leafy. The berries are large, regular obtuse-conical shape with a deep calyx, with a smooth surface, burgundy-red color with shine. The pulp is bright red, dense, juicy.
Carmen - large-fruited (up to 28-30 g), fruitful, resistant to fungal diseases, with berries of excellent sweet and sour taste, with aroma. The bush is vigorous, erect, densely leafy with large dark green leaves with a slight waxy bloom. Peduncles are strong, erect, located at the level of the leaves. The berries are round-conical, not aligned, with a smooth surface and a deep calyx. The color of the berries is carmine-red, without shine. The pulp is dark red, dense with a shaft. In terms of winter hardiness, the variety is inferior to all domestic and some foreign varieties, but it recovers well in spring.
Crown - large-fruited (up to 36 g), quite winter-hardy, fruitful variety with berries of good taste and marketability. The bush is medium-sized, spreading, slightly leafy with large, hard, slightly wrinkled leaves. Peduncles of medium length, thick, strong, located below the level of the leaves. The berries are very beautiful, truncated-conical with a sharp top and a small neck, with a smooth surface and a thin skin. The color of the berries is dark red with shine, the pulp is light red, dense, good sweet and sour taste with a pronounced aroma. By the end of the harvest, the berries become smaller. The winter hardiness of plants is slightly lower than the zoned varieties, but the variety is quite reliable, the resistance to fungal diseases is average.
Shelf - high-yielding, large-fruited (up to 30 g) with dessert flavor berries, high marketable qualities. The bush is of medium size, compact, medium leafy, leaves often with five lobes. Peduncles are thick, low, strong, located below the level of the leaves. The berries of the first collection are large, the subsequent ones become smaller. The shape of the berries is very beautiful, round-conical with a small neck, a pointed tip, and an even surface. The color is bright red with shine. The pulp is intense red, juicy, very dense, excellent sweet and sour taste with a strong aroma.
Zenga Zengana - a widespread variety in Russia, fruitful, winter-hardy, dessert, medium-large (15-30 g), universal, resistant to verticillosis and late blight, but not sufficiently resistant to other fungal diseases. The bush is small, compact, densely leafy. The berries of the first collection are large, round-conical, the subsequent ones are noticeably smaller. The surface is slightly ribbed. The color of the berries is dark red with a dark cherry tint, shiny. The pulp is red, medium density, juicy, excellent sweet and sour taste with a pleasant aroma
The planting material of the varieties of garden strawberries listed here is divided into ridges and is being prepared for implementation in the new season and in subsequent years.
employee of the Research and Production Center "Agrotechnology"
Strawberry diseases, photos and names.
Despite the fact that many modern strawberry varieties are highly resistant to fungal infections and attacks of insect pests, one should not forget about preventive measures and competent agricultural techniques in the strawberry garden. In their absence, the plant can still suffer from diseases and pests:
- strawberry nematode: the pest multiplies very actively, causing the strawberry leaves to curl, and quickly infects the stems of the strawberry and its internodes. Diseased bushes should be dug up and burned.
- strawberry mite: the insect makes clutches of eggs on the leaves of the strawberry, as a result of which they acquire a wrinkled surface. Tick attack also leads to a decrease in the size of the berries. Seeing an infected plant, it must be treated with Karbofos.
- powdery mildew affects both leaves and strawberry peduncles, covering them with whitish spots. Quite quickly, these spots grow and acquire a gray tint. The disease noticeably inhibits the growth of the plant, its buds fall off. Sick strawberry bushes are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid, you can additionally treat them with a solution of laundry soap and copper sulfate or Fundazol.
- gray rot - a dangerous disease of strawberries caused by a parasitic fungus. All parts of the plant are affected, except for the roots. Decaying spots of a dark gray hue appear on the leaves, the berries are covered with brown spots and a gray bloom, the pulp of the fruit becomes watery, loses its aroma, acquiring a rotten smell. For the prevention of gray rot, the bushes should be planted more freely, the soil should be mulched with straw, and the strawberries should be sprayed several times during their flowering period with preparations such as Signum or Teldor.
Secrets of growing garden strawberries (with video)
To get good results by the next summer, there are strawberry secrets: plantation maintenance must begin in July of the previous year. For this, first of all, the sod with which the bushes are overgrown must be cut out completely clean, and the earth is loosened with a knife all around. Then the entire weeded area is watered with liquid fertilizer very abundantly, if possible - 2 or 3 times during the month. The secrets of growing wild strawberries in large quantities lie in the fact that at the end of August the grass that has grown during this time falls out, and all the gaps between the bushes are laid with a thick layer of horse manure. In late autumn, a layer of manure is added. 2-3 months after the first shelf, even before autumn, the bushes have time to recover significantly and give new leaves, thicker and larger.
The secrets of growing garden strawberries are that by the next spring the bushes already reach almost the same height as they are in their variety, and the berries themselves are quite large, and by the second summer, subject to the above technique and proper care, the strawberries become quite prolific and large-fruited.
As for the care itself, for the fertility of strawberries, it is necessary, first of all, to observe that in the spring, all the time, while the bush does not harvest foliage and flower buds, the soil is clean of weeds, loose and shaded, and at the same time it is useful to water the bushes with liquid fertilizer to enhance growth. Then, after fruiting, the strawberries should immediately be weeded out again, loosened and fertilized with horse manure not to leave such harvesting until autumn, as is often practiced, because summer harvesting represents the best conditions for older bushes to gain strength for fruiting next summer, then have kicked out new leaves and grew thickly.
Watch the secrets of growing strawberries in the video, which shows all the principles described above:
Tips & Tricks
When growing greenhouse strawberries, the most important factor is the length of day and the intensity of the day. The laying of fruit generative buds requires a short daylight hours, and at the flowering stage such a day should not be less than sixteen hours. If the weather is very hot and sunny during the day, it is advisable to use special shading nets.
Temperature and water-air conditions, as well as plant feeding, which must be performed twice a month using potassium salt, ammonium nitrate and superphosphate, are of great importance for the formation of the crop. In addition, greenhouse strawberries need artificial pollination using a soft artistic brush.
Several times per season, each bush should be inspected for disease or pest damage. To reduce the likelihood of fungal diseases, one should not only carry out preventive measures, but also open the greenhouse vents several times during the day.
You may also be interested in an article on growing strawberries with agrofibre.
Classification of culture by maturity
Depending on the origin, the vine is divided into 2 phenotypes - southern and northern. The first is characterized by the presence of immature seeds in ripe fruits. The second is distinguished by the rapid formation of sweet berries in a short time and the full readiness of the bush for wintering.
The ripening period in early ripening varieties is calculated from the moment the buds open. On this basis, there are:
- very early grape varieties - begin to bear fruit in 105 - 115 days
- early forms - fruits ripen in 115-125 days.
Breeders have also bred super-early species that yield a harvest in 85-95 days.
Groups of daikon varieties by climatypes
The daikon is home to the Japanese islands, where the climate is humid and warm. Natural daylight hours there differ in length from temperate latitudes. There are four types of daikon that require different daylight hours.
Spring varieties of vegetables, or Haru, must be planted when the snow melts, then the harvests of fruits will be already at the beginning of June. If you plant a radish in the middle of summer, then the harvest will have time to be harvested before the cold weather. Such varieties are suitable for regions with a temperate climate - the Volga region, the Moscow region, Siberia and the Far East.
Hatsu, or summer daikon species, are ready to dig in 50 days. They love the heat, so the climate of the southern regions of Russia is comfortable for them.
Autumn varieties, or Aki, are valued for their juiciness, superiority in size compared to other types of white radish. This is the most acceptable group for growing in various areas of the middle lane.... Daikon does not need a long daylight hours, he will sing well with a short day.
The Daikon of the Fuyu group is unknown to gardeners. There is no efficiency from growing radish of this group, therefore it is not worthwhile to cultivate a vegetable.
The best varieties of green hot peppers
The culture is used for growing in open ground, greenhouse, greenhouse, at home on a windowsill or balcony. To get a large harvest of green hot peppers, you need to select the best varieties for the given climatic conditions. The presence of the necessary characteristics in the selected variety will reduce the labor, time and material costs of caring for plants, and get the desired result.