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Sansevieria: home care, photo, transplant, reproduction, properties

Sansevieria: home care, photo, transplant, reproduction, properties


Houseplants

Not many flower growers know that sansevieria loves to spend summer vacations in the fresh air. But in vain! Indeed, for such a "vacation" a plant with a bunch of the most formidable names will almost certainly thank you with a modest, but such a vanilla-fragrant flowering!
How to arrange everything? With the onset of stable spring heat, the pot with sansevieria can be put on a balcony or veranda, but it is even better to transplant the "tongue of Satan" into the open ground. The main thing is not to forget to take the rested and strengthened sansevieria home in September.
An interesting fact: at home, sansevieria most often blooms when ... her pot becomes too cramped for her! After enjoying the long-awaited flowering, do not forget to transplant the flower.
How to do it correctly, as well as about the nuances and possible problems in growing sansevieria, read our article.

Planting and caring for sansevieria

  • Bloom: decorative deciduous plant.
  • Lighting: partial shade, bright diffused light.
  • Temperature: common for living quarters. In winter, at least 16 ˚C.
  • Watering: regular, moderate, more frequent in summer than in winter.
  • Air humidity: common for living quarters.
  • Top dressing: during the active growing season, once a month with a solution of fertilizer for cacti or decorative deciduous plants.
  • Rest period: not pronounced.
  • Transfer: as the pot becomes small.
  • Reproduction: vegetative (by dividing the rhizome or by leaf cuttings).
  • Pests: mealybugs, thrips, spider mites.
  • Diseases: anthracnose, root rot.

Read more about growing sansevieria below.

Sansevieria, or sanseviera, or sansevier - a genus of the Asparagus family (in some catalogs - Agave), which includes more than 60 species of evergreen perennial stemless plants from stony dry regions of the tropics and subtropics of Africa, Madagascar, South Florida, Indonesia and India. This unpretentious, and therefore popular houseplant in different countries has received the nicknames "pike tail", "snake skin", "mother-in-law's tongue". Its value is that it is indestructible: you can forget about it for a week or two, and it will not die or dry out. In addition, the sansevieria plant is used with pleasure by designers to create flower arrangements and decorate interiors.

Growing features

Each plant has its own whims, and if you are going to grow this or that flower in the house, you need to familiarize yourself with its agricultural technology and decide whether it suits you or not. Indoor sansevieria is good because it requires very little attention to itself, but at the same time it looks great.

So, what is interesting about sansevieria:

  • it is enough to fertilize it once a year, but if you do it more often, she will certainly take it with pleasure;
  • the best place for sansevieria is a windowsill, since it needs as much natural light as possible, and it is not so important for it whether it is warm or cold on the windowsill;
  • and yet, direct sunlight can cause burns to the plant, so put the sansevieria on the windowsill of the window into which the sun looks in late afternoon;
  • the worst thing for sansevieria is waterlogging of the soil, from this it dies.

Sansevieria care at home

Care rules

Any temperature is suitable for sansevieria, air humidity will also not particularly affect the growth and appearance of the plant, but still, if you want to see sansevieria in its best form, try to keep the temperature in the room from falling below 16 ºC in winter, and the leaves of sansevieria it's a good idea to wash it from time to time.

Sansevieria care is first and foremost proper watering, but experimenting with watering, you run the risk of ruining the flower. Therefore, it is best to take advantage of such an achievement of civilization as a moisture indicator, which can be bought at a flower shop and which will remind you that it is time to water the flower. It is better to use rainwater, distilled water, or at least at room temperature for irrigation. In winter, the colder it is in the room, the less often you need to water the sansevieria. Dust off the plant with a damp sponge.

Transfer

Often you will not have to transplant sansevieria - young plants need to be transplanted every two years, mature ones - every three. You can read about how to transplant sansevieria on many sites, but not everywhere there is information about which earthen mixture sansevieria prefers: it is better to buy soil for a plant in a flower shop, because the soil from the garden will not suit it.

The composition of the soil should be approximately the following: one part of leafy land and sand and two parts of sod land. The shop soil also contains perlite or fine gravel.

Sansevieria is transplanted only when the roots of the plant appear from the drain hole of the pot. Choose a thick-walled pot, preferably a clay one, so that the powerful root system of the plant does not break it, and long, heavy leaves do not turn the pot over. The shape of the pot, due to the peculiarities of the development of the root system, should be wide rather than deep. And remember, the most important thing is a good drainage layer.

Fertilizer

In the spring-summer period, you can feed sansevieria monthly with liquid mineral fertilizers for indoor crops or cacti. Make sure that the excess nitrogen does not damage the plant, and in general, try to keep the consistency two times weaker than recommended.

For species with colored stripes, the dose of dressing must be reduced by three times, otherwise the leaves may lose their decorative effect and become monotonously green.

Reproduction of sansevieria

Rhizome division

Sansevieria is propagated by dividing the rhizome, lateral shoots and dividing the leaf. It is most convenient to divide the rhizome of the plant during the spring transplant: cut the rhizome with a sharp knife so that a growing point remains on each part. Divide the divided sansevieria into separate pots and place them in a warm place. Water in moderation. This method is suitable for both monochromatic and variegated types of sansevieria.

Reproduction by dividing the leaf

Also a simple procedure. The old leaf is cut into pieces of 4-5 cm long, dried slightly in the air, then immersed in the lower end in sand at an angle of 45 degrees, covered with a jar or a cut plastic bottle and, with moderate bottom watering (water is poured into the pan of the pot), rooted.

After 30-40 days, as soon as the leaf takes root and gives buds, from which young leaves appear, the plant is transplanted into a pot with soil. This method is suitable only for monophonic types of sansevieria: even if you root a striped leaf, the baby will still grow green.

Sansevieria properties

Sansevieria contains many biologically active substances, but the most popular of them are saponins, which, when used correctly, bring significant benefits. Traditional medicine uses saponins to produce choleretic, anti-inflammatory, laxative, and expectorant drugs. Traditional medicine treats cystitis, inflammation of the oral cavity, otitis media, cuts and other skin lesions with sansevieria.

The foaming properties of saponins are used in the cosmetic industry in the production of liquid soaps and shampoos. It is not recommended to use the plant for medicinal purposes for pregnant women, since the substances contained in it have an abortive effect.

Views

Sansevieria has a creeping rhizome with basal leaves, powerful and tough, reaching a height of 1 meter or more. The color of the leaves is different shades of green and brown, some have streaks or spots. The flowering of sansevieria is not very attractive: the white with green flowers, collected in cylindrical inflorescences, opening towards sunset, exude a delicate vanilla aroma. The fruit is a berry with several seeds, but under indoor conditions, sansevieria rarely bears fruit. The most famous types of sansevieria:

Sansevieria large (Sansevieria grandis)

Perennial, rosette of 2-4 juicy light green leaves 30-60 cm long and up to 15 cm wide. Dark transverse stripes run along the leaves, and a reddish border along the edge;

In the photo: Sansevieria grandis

Sansevieria hyacinthoides

The plant is up to half a meter high, the leaves grow in a bunch of 2-4 pieces, the length is from 14 cm to 45 cm, the width is up to 7 cm. The color of the leaves is dark green with light green W-shaped strokes, the edges of the leaves are reddish or whitish;

In the photo: Sansevieria hyacinthoides

Sansevieria dooneri

Indistinct leafy succulent, forming rosettes containing up to 20 flat erect leaves up to 40 cm long and up to 3 cm wide. The color of the leaves is green with a dark green pattern;

In the photo: Sansevieria dooneri

Sansevieria graceful (Sansevieria gracilis)

Or sansevieria graceful - perennial succulent: leaves cover the base of the stem 5-6 cm high. Leaves are leathery, oval, long-pointed gray-green with gray-beige transverse streaks;

In the photo: Sansevieria graceful or graceful (Sansevieria gracilis)

Sansevieria Kirkii

This plant has a short rhizome and rosettes with a small amount of green leaves with whitish spots with a red-brown edging along the edge. There are varieties with brown or reddish-brown leaves;

In the photo: Sansevieria Kirkii

Sansevieria liberian (Sansevieria liberica)

Indistinct leafy succulent with expanded rosettes of 6 flat, parallel to the ground, leaves. The length of the leaves sometimes reaches 100 cm in length and 8 cm in width, but this is only in very large specimens. The color of the leaves is dark green with blurred light green streaks and strokes, along the edge of the leaf there is a thin reddish-white or brown stripe.

In the photo: Sansevieria liberica (Sansevieria liberica)

Sansevieria three-lane (Sansevieria trifasciata)

But in indoor floriculture, the most common type is three-lane sansevieria - a tall plant with labeled leaves of green or green color with a yellow border. Also in favor among lovers of rosette sansevieria three-lane Hani (Sansevieria trifasciata Hahnii) with green or striped leaves. They are very beautiful and unpretentious, besides, you already know how to care for sansevieria.

In the photo: Sansevieria three-lane (Sansevieria trifasciata)

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asparagus
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Indoor Plants Information

Sections: Houseplants Ornamental-deciduous Succulents Variegated plants Shade-tolerant Plants for the kitchen Asparagus Plants for C


Clivia

Clivia is an ornamental plant from the Amaryllis family. His homeland is the South African subtropics. In temperate climates, this flower is usually grown in greenhouses or at home. This is facilitated by the sufficient unpretentiousness of the plant.

Despite the family ties with amaryllis, clivia does not have a bulb. It is distinguished by rather fleshy foliage, growing from the very base of the root in the form of a pigtail and forming a semblance of a short thick stem. The name for the beautiful flower was invented by the English botanist Lindley, named after Charlotte Clive, the duchess and royal governess. In addition, this plant is also called the kaffir lily.


Varieties

2.1 Sansevieria Hanni - Sansevieria Hahnii

Low-growing, short-leaved plants forming basal rosettes of spirally arranged thick, fleshy, often striped triangular leaves. Plants are characterized by dense foliage. The color of the leaves varies and can be green with all kinds of specks and stripes - both longitudinal and transverse. The yellow-striped variations look extremely impressive. The flowers are creamy brown, with a sweetish aroma, but flowering rarely occurs in indoor conditions. Due to its compact size and unpretentiousness to lighting (Hanni sansevieria grows well under artificial lighting), this variety is very popular among flower growers.

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2.2. Sansevieria three-lane - Sansevieria trifasciata

It is a large evergreen perennial plant with high basal leaves (up to 1 m high). With proper care, this variety will last for years. The leaves are thick, xiphoid, pointed, dark green with gray-green horizontal stripes. In the spring or summer, adult specimens may develop small, fragrant greenish-white, fragrant flowers, but this phenomenon is rarely seen in indoor culture.

The three-lane sansevieria also includes a very beautiful variety - Sansevieria Laurentii - Sansevieria Laurentii - a tall, narrow-leaved plant with spectacular variegated leaves bordered with a yellow stripe. On the main green background, transverse dark, almost black stripes are scattered in the center of the leaves, and a wide yellowish border runs along the edges of the leaf plates.

2.3. Sansevieria cylindrical - Sansevieria cylindrica

An interesting species with tall, sometimes gracefully arched, rounded, tubular leaves of dark green color with silvery transverse stripes. The leaves reach 3 cm in diameter, and grow up to 1 - 2 m in length.In the summer months, the plant throws out tall peduncles, at the top of which there is an inflorescence consisting of small greenish-white flowers, and this variety blooms at home much more readily than others ... Often, beautiful leaves of cylindrical sansevieria are braided into braids.

2.4 Sansevieria Futura Superba

A small species, often not exceeding 30 cm in height. Plants form a basal rosette of thick, oblong leaves arranged in a spiral. The main tone of the leaf blades is silvery-green with transverse dark stripes. The edges of the leaves are white or yellowish.

2.5 Sansevieria Moonshine

The name of the variety - Moonlight speaks for itself - the leaves of this plant are colored in a silvery-green hue with barely noticeable dark transverse thin stripes. A dark green thin stripe runs along the edge of the leaf blades. The thick leaves of this sansevieria reach 10 cm in width and 60 cm in length.

2.6 Sansevieria Black Dragon

Low, almost dwarf plants up to 30 cm tall with triangular leaves collected spirally into leaf rosettes.The main feature of this plant is the beautiful dark green, almost black shade of glossy leaves.

2.7 Sansevieria Kirkii

Very spectacular ornamental-leaved plants with large xiphoid leaves, reaching a height of 90 cm. A distinctive feature of the species are the corrugated edges of the leaf plates and an unusual, attractive bright color of the leaves. The surface of the leaves is covered with a bronze patina, and the edges of the leaves have pink and white thin stripes.

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Landing

The container for planting Sansevieria Hanni should be ceramic, wide and shallow, corresponding to the dimensions of the plant. You can be guided by this ratio: the diameter of the pot is twice its height. There must be a drainage hole in the bottom.

At the bottom of the planting tank, a drainage layer must be laid: small pebbles, expanded clay, brick battle with pieces of charcoal. This layer should be the thicker the younger the plant is and can fill up to a third of the pot's volume.

When planting, pay special attention to the safety of the root system, trying to preserve the earthen lump. Transfer

Hanni sansevierias are transplanted in the spring, in March-April. The signal for transplanting is the complete entanglement of the earth with roots. Young plants give such a "signal" annually, while more mature ones - once every 2-3 years.

Before transplanting, watering is stopped, planted in moist soil and after transplanting it is not watered immediately.

In summer, it is enough to water Sansevieria Hanni once a week, and in winter - once a month. This is exactly the case when it is better to dry than to overmoisten.

They especially protect deciduous trees from irrigation water: stagnation of moisture in it leads to root rot, which will destroy the plant.

The air is preferable dry, spraying is not necessary, you should only periodically wipe the dust from the leaves.

During the period of active growth of sansevieria, in the spring and summer, once every two weeks, fertilizing is carried out with a specialized mixture for cacti and succulents.

If complex fertilizers are used, it must be taken into account that they should not contain an excess of nitrogenous compounds and this complex must be dissolved in a much larger amount of water than for other plants.

This operation is applied only to damaged leaves. They, as a rule, dry out and then such an area should be cut off, leaving a narrow dry border so that the process stops.

Sansevieria Hanni can bloom at any time of the year - star-shaped small flowers on an elegant peduncle. This peduncle must be cut off at the end of flowering.

To induce the plant to bloom, it is transplanted into a cramped pot, only 4-5 cm wider than the previous one.


Sansevieria - reproduction

There are two ways to propagate a succulent:

  • dividing the rhizome
  • by dividing the sheet.

Reproduction by dividing the rhizome

It is most convenient to divide the bush during transplantation in order to propagate the plant. From it, you can separate the leaf, side shoots or cut the rhizomes. For this, a sharp knife is used, with which the roots are divided into parts with a growth point.

The divided parts are planted in containers with soil and placed in a warm place. Water them sparingly.

Reproduction by dividing the leaf

A simple procedure during which an old leaf is cut from a bush and cut into pieces with a sharp knife. Each piece should be at least 4–5 cm long. It should be air-dried for some time, after which stick into the soil at an angle of 45 degrees.

To make the leaves take root better and faster, they are covered from above with a plastic bag, a cut off plastic bottle or glass jar. Caring for them consists in daily ventilation of the sections and watering through the container pallet. After about a month, the leaves will take root and bud. At this time, they can be seated in separate small pots.

If the first breeding method is suitable for all species of Sansevier, then when dividing by a leaf, the baby grows green, even if a plant with striped leaves has multiplied.


Plant care

Sansevieria is a plant that does not cause unnecessary trouble. Caring for a flower is simple, but you still need to take into account some features so that the pike tail turns green briskly.

Watering and feeding

Sansevieria is a succulent, therefore it tolerates prolonged drought without any problems. It is rarely watered, about once every 20 days, and little by little, only after the soil has completely dried out. The main condition is that moisture should not get inside the outlet, otherwise the plant will rot and die.

Watering sansevieria should be limited in winter or simply when the temperature drops for a long period. If the plant is in a shaded area, also reduce the amount of water.

It is not necessary to spray this flower, but it is advisable to observe leaf hygiene. Wipe them once a week with a cloth dampened with plain water, or brush away dust with a soft brush.

Mineral fertilizers can be "long-lasting", they are convenient for caring for perennial evergreens

In the period from spring to autumn, the sansevier is fertilized twice a month, and in a warm winter, you can leave one top dressing every 4 weeks. As a fertilizer, agents for succulents or mineral complexes for indoor plants are used. The dosage is always indicated on the package. It is not recommended to exceed the feeding rate; it is even better to lower it a little.

For evergreen perennials that do not require frequent watering, it is very convenient to use bulk mineral fertilizers. They are embedded in the soil, and they dissolve gradually as the soil is moistened. Such "long-playing" feeding saves time, supplying the plant with the necessary substances for up to three years.

Variegated plants are not fed with nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as they increase the production of chlorophyll. This provokes greening of the foliage, and the pattern is lost.

Rest time

The resting period in sansevieria is unexpressed. In autumn and winter, the temperature of the content should be lowered, but its drop should be controlled within the range of + 14-16 ° С. It is better to completely eliminate top dressing and limit watering.

Bloom

Sansevieria is capable of blooming at home if it is provided with decent care. But the plant may not want to multiply and refuse to bloom. This is a small loss for the grower. Sansevieria flowers are not the most beautiful. They are pale, almost white, with long stamens, strong and pleasant aroma. A tall peduncle throws out inflorescences collected in a brush.

Sansevieria rarely blooms, but it looks unusual

Video: how sansevieria blooms

Do I need to form a crown

There is no need to form a sansevier bush. It is enough to carry out sanitary cleaning. Old and damaged leaves can be removed once a year, this will allow the plant to look more youthful and neat. Such pruning does not negatively affect the growth rate of young leaves.

Common care mistakes

The maintenance of sansevieria at home does not cause serious difficulties. This flower is very "accommodating" and does not create problems, but sometimes a situation may arise when the plant requires some attention.

Dark spots on the leaves of sansevieria are a sign of unscrupulous care

  1. Dark spots on foliage. This ailment manifests itself due to excessive waterlogging of the soil at low temperatures.
  2. Yellowing of the leaves. Such a nuisance occurs when the flower does not have enough light or space in the pot.
  3. Softening the sheet plate along its entire length, its transition to a horizontal position. Happens due to lack of light. The leaves begin to stretch out quickly and, not having time to develop, cannot withstand their weight.
  4. The tissues at the base of the leaf become soft and turn yellow. A similar malaise of sansevieria manifests itself when irrigation water enters the outlet. There is decay of tissues, dying off of foliage.
  5. The tips darken and fade. The flower freezes and signals this. This happens even with an excess of moisture and a lack of light.
  6. Sansevieria leaves lose their elasticity, become flabby. The plant was not watered for a long period.

Video: personal experience of growing compact sansevieria


Diseases and pests

The flower is rarely sick. The topic of diseases and pests is of little relevance. Poor grooming is the root of all problems. If in the fall the pot of sansevieria is not brought into the house in time, the leaves will brighten and become soft. The succulent plant does not tolerate low temperatures. The first autumn frosts can kill him.

Due to the low temperature, the root collar rots. In this case, soil moisture does not play a role. The ground can be dry, + 15 ° C is the minimum temperature at which the flower develops normally.

The roots do not like excess moisture, they begin to rot. At the same time, the aerial part suffers from a lack of nutrition. The edges of the leaves dry, the color turns yellow. Immunity is weakening. Sansevieria becomes a victim of pathogenic fungi. Brown, yellow-brown spots appear on the surface of the leaves.

Poor lighting reduces the decorative effect of the flower. The drawing loses its brightness, the color becomes lighter, paler. Dark spots form on the leaves. Of insects, the plant is threatened by thrips, whitefly, mealybug. They are destroyed with insecticides, washing the leaves with soapy water.

Flower care is minimal. It is difficult to evaluate from the photo the pleasure and benefits that sansevieria bestows on the owner. A healthy plant always brings a particle of joy and positiveness to the house. In the summer, the pots are taken out into the garden, on the terrace, veranda, balcony. In the fresh air, the flower recovers after winter, serves as a decoration.


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